THE DRINK NATION IS A FREE RESOURCE FOR FINDING EVERYTHING AWESOME ABOUT DRINKING IN YOUR LOCATION
Home Bar Project Leaderboard Below Navigation

Shaken or Stirred? A Short History to Celebrate National Martini Day


A Del Frisco's bartender makes an "in and out" martini in the video above

“One martini is all right. Two is too many, and three is not enough.” — James Thurber

What a great month is June for serious drinkers. Just last week we celebrated National Bourbon Day, and now we come upon a day dedicated to a white spirit concoction — a creation journalist H. L. Mencken called "the only American invention as perfect as the sonnet.”

The martini has been in the cocktail lexicon since the late 1800s, though the exact origin is still debated. The precursor may have been a drink called the Martinez, served at the Occidental Hotel in San Francisco in the 1860s, which was a wine glass full of dry vermouth and a shot of gin. In the 1888 Bartenders Manual, a recipe was published that called for “half a wine glass of Old Tom Gin, half a wine glass of vermouth.” And then there was the Italian vermouth maker — whose product is currently sold here as Martini & Rossi — who in 1863 began marketing their product under the brand name Martini.

During Prohibition, gin was relatively easy to produce (in a bathtub, quite often) and so was fortified wine, so the martini flourished as a speakeasy specialty. By the 1940s, the proportion of vermouth had shrunk to a ratio of around four to one — probably as a result of cleaner, better tasting gin produced legally after Repeal.

Whatever the proportions, the spirits were poured over ice and stirred together, then strained into a glass, the shape of which has inherited the martini name. Then came perhaps the drink’s most famous proponent, James Bond, whose author had him throw tradition to the wind (and created a new one) by ordering a martini “shaken, not stirred.”

Also thanks in part to Bond, the martini became drier and drier — a term that in this case refers to the amount of fortified wine added to the mix. (Somewhat confusingly, the “drier” the martini, the less dry vermouth added.) By the 1950s and ‘60s — the Mad Men heyday of the three-martini lunch — vermouths on the U.S. market has suffered in quality, and many people would drink chilled gin nearly straight.

The martini fell out of favor until a resurgence in the 1990s, which brought back cocktails served in the martini glass, if not actual martinis themselves. Bars began serving variations on the drink, many made with vodka — the most popular U.S. spirit at the time — in combinations with sweet or fruity additives. The “choco-tini,” “apple-tini” and other similar creations filled menus of clubs and bars.

While some may enjoy those drinks, it’s the traditional gin-and-vermouth (and olive) combination that best suits today’s classic cocktail renaissance. Where did the olives come in? Again, no one knows, but the addition of the salty garnish does add extra flavor, and was likely developed back when liquor was much less refined and its flavor had to be covered up. If you love that olive taste, ask for a “dirty martini,” made with an extra splash of olive brine. Order a skewer of cocktail onions with your gin-and-vermouth instead and you have a Gibson. A twist of lemon is also a common garnish, especially if you substitute vodka for gin — a “vodka martini.”

Shaken or stirred? Some think that shaking “bruises” the spirits, breaking down the flavors of the vermouth too much, and insist that stirring is the way to go. However, some relish the cloudy result of vigorous shaking, where bits of ice actually become suspended in the drink, making a bracing, refreshing sip.

What's your favorite way to make the iconic drink?

Bootom photo via Flickr user rob_moody


Tags: Photos & Videos
Recent Articles

Feedback

How are we doing? Tell us what you like or don't like and how we can improve. We would love to hear your thoughts!

*Name:
*E-mail:
*Suggestions:
 
Lin-Manuel Miranda Will Retell Hamilton's Story on Drunk History

Lin-Manuel Miranda Will Retell Hamilton's Story on Drunk History

Lin-Manuel Miranda, the Tony, Emmy, Grammy, Pulitzer, and MacArthur Genius winner and creator of Hamilton, will appear on Comedy Central's Drunk Histo...read more ›

by The Drink Nation Jul 22, 2016
Grand Central's Campbell Apartment Will Close at the End of July

Grand Central's Campbell Apartment Will Close at the End of July

The Campbell Apartment, a New York institution connected to Grand Central Station, will close at the end of July....read more ›

by The Drink Nation Jul 18, 2016
Breckenridge Brewery Introduces the Nitro Series

Breckenridge Brewery Introduces the Nitro Series

These are no ordinary beverage delivery vessels. ...read more ›

by Carrie Dow Jul 8, 2016
SPONSORED
Drink Nation Store Rectangle
Head to the Springs for Maker's Mark Weekend at The Broadmoor

Head to the Springs for Maker's Mark Weekend at The Broadmoor

You need to head for Colorado Springs for the Maker's Mark Weekend at The Broadmoor....read more ›

by Carrie Dow Jul 7, 2016
Boston Beer Company Wants to Trademark 'Brexit'

Boston Beer Company Wants to Trademark 'Brexit'

After the historic Brexit vote in the UK, Boston Beer Company has registered to trademark the term for one of its ciders....read more ›

by Alexander Frane Jul 5, 2016
Sam Adams to Hold World's Largest Tap Takeover at Old Chicago Nationwide

Sam Adams to Hold "World's Largest Tap Takeover" at Old Chicago Nationwide

Saturday, July 9, is the "World's Largest Tap Takeover" from Sam Adams and Old Chicago restaurants nationwide....read more ›

by Carrie Dow Jul 1, 2016
Colorado's Most Expensive Cocktail:  The Leyenda at The Broadmoor

Colorado's Most Expensive Cocktail: The Leyenda at The Broadmoor

For only $88, you can sip The Leyenda, one of Colorado's most exclusive cocktails....read more ›

by Carrie Dow Jul 1, 2016
Enter to Win the REEBellion at the Ranch from Oskar Blues Brewery

Enter to Win the REEBellion at the Ranch from Oskar Blues Brewery

The winner will receive a three-night trip for four along with an embarrassment of epic prizes....read more ›

by Carrie Dow Jun 30, 2016
You Can Now Drink Much Earlier on Sundays in NYC

You Can Now Drink Much Earlier on Sundays in NYC

It may come as a shock to those living outside of New York, but, up until very recently, the sale of liquor on Sundays was prohibited before noon...read more ›

by Alexander Frane Jun 28, 2016
The Shark Week Drinking Game

The Shark Week Drinking Game

This year, one of cable TV's longest-running programs celebrates its 29th anniversary. Enjoy it to the fullest with this handy game. Shark Week starts...read more ›

by The Drink Nation Jun 26, 2016
SPONSORED
View all Articles

Sign up to get weekly drinking news, bar reviews, events and more sent directly to your inbox!

Close